Arthritis – inflammation of the knee joint. The disease slowly progresses and is accompanied by pain and discomfort during movement.
This disease can lead to disability, it affects people at the age from 25 to 35 years, after 40 years, arthritis of the knee joint hurts, one of five women, and after 60 years, this disease affects every second person.
It is important to know the symptoms of arthritis of the knee, to be able to diagnose this insidious disease and to start treatment using medicines and folk remedies.
Most often, knee arthritis occurs as a result of penetration of pathogenic microorganisms into the joint, where it begins the development of the inflammatory process. This reaction is accompanied by redness of the skin on the patient's knee, increase its volume and impaired mobility. In most cases, puncture of the knee joint are purulent contents.
Depending on the pathological process, arthritis can be primary and secondary.
The primary form involves the following types:
Secondary arthritis can result from other diseases of the knee joint. For example, reactive arthritis is a complication of infectious diseases of the genitourinary system or the gastrointestinal tract, and rheumatoid — severe autoimmune diseases, the causes of which are not fully understood.
The main risk factors for the development of the disease are:
Regardless of the reasons for the development in the manifestation of various forms of arthritis is common symptoms:
Symptoms were able to vary depending on the severity of the disease.
Arthritis knee symptoms are largely dependent on the immediate causes of the caller. So, acute knee arthritis begin suddenly and, unlike chronic, are characterized by severe intoxication. However, there is a similar non-specific signs of arthritis of any etiology.
A clear symptom of arthritis of the knee joint is the presence of pain. At first it may be weak to appear only under load and fade in peace. Then discomfort in the knee becomes regular, painful sensations arise more and more often.
May be a slight swelling of tissues and limited mobility in the joint. In the acute phase of increasing body temperature over the affected joint the skin becomes red, appears symptoms of intoxication: fatigue, lethargy, aching muscles.
It is possible to allocate 3 degrees of joint disease, consider the symptoms in more detail.
Arthritis of the knee joint in children also has its own characteristics: knee mostly hurts in the morning and during the day, the child almost did not complain. Often occurs after use of cold or SARS. It must be remembered that children also can develop juvenile rheumatoid arthritis with characteristic lesions of the articular surfaces and permanent deformity of the joints.
When diagnosed with arthritis of the knee treatment is carried out conservatively in the initial stages.
The choice of drugs depends on the cause of the disease. There are several varieties of inflammatory changes in the joints.
The complex of therapeutic measures includes:
Soreness will help to reduce not only medication, but also such supporting tools as a cane or crutches.
The use of medicines for arthritis consists of two areas:
To reduce pain used non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. For extra pain use corticosteroids.
Etiotropic treatment of arthritis of the knee joint is to restore the substance of cartilage. With this purpose, chondroprotectors. These substances improve the trophism of the cartilage tissue, normalize metabolism and promote the repair of articular cartilage.
Also effective are injections of hyaluronic acid. Penetrating into the cartilage tissue, these drugs increase the skin's elasticity, improving biomechanics of the damaged joint.
If the cause of inflammation in arthritis is infection without antibiotics not to manage.
If the arthritis has gone far enough, it turns into arthritis. The disease is associated with degenerative affliction of the bone and cartilage. On the background of the pathology is the formation of cracks in menisci and synovial membranes. With the passage of time the tissues are destroyed and undergo degeneration.
To exclude the transformation of arthritis in the arthritis, surgeons perform arthroscopy. This intervention is carried out to review the state of the anatomical structures. Through a small incision in the joint cavity areas to review the status of the ligaments and cartilage. Using the tool, you can remove the pus and inflammatory fluid. To prevent bacterial inflammation inside the joint cavity antibiotics are.
A very important role in the treatment of arthritis is nutrition. The diet eliminates the intake of spicy and salty food. You need to eat more of fiber contained in fresh vegetables and fruits.
For the articular cartilage are beneficial components of seafood that contain natural chondroitin. Fat and amino acids in marine fish must be the main component of diets for arthritis of the knee joint.
The chronic course of arthritis, and after removal of acute conditions, you must perform simple physical exercises:
To sit on a chair, and then swing legs (in turn) forward and back to a state of mild fatigue.
Doctor individually, taking into account the course of the disease can recommend other exercises that will be of a health nature.
Traditional medicine has many recipes in order to treat arthritis. For the treatment of knee joint used herbal, Shilajit, preparations based on clay, healing baths, confricantes and cream. Consider some of the recipes read more.
Early treatment of arthritis is stopping the pathological process, and to the credit not only of drugs, but also folk, physiotherapy treatments, and diets.